Toby Karten Link to Toby Karten's linked in profile Link to W3C link to fan page Link to YouTube channel pinterest twitter Instagram
Inclusion Workshops Link to list of inclusion publications and resources Link to list of inclusion workshops Inclusion Strategies & Interventions Inclusion Coaching Core Curriculum Building-on-the-Strengths-of-Students Inclusion Do's, Don'ts and Do Betters: Quick Reference Guide

Inclusion Principles

Valuable and Applicable Things to Do in All Classrooms on a Daily Basis
Click Here to download Applying 18 Principles Word Doc

  1. Establish prior knowledge.
  2. Plan lessons with structured objectives, allowing inter or postplanning that delineates goals and
    desired student outcomes.
  3. Proceed from the simple to the complex by using discrete task analysis, which breaks up the learning
    into its parts.
  4. Use a step-by-step approach, teaching in small bites with much practice and repetition for students
    who require this framework.
  5. Reinforce abstract concepts with concrete examples, such as looking at a map while walking around
    a neighborhood or reading actual street signs.
  6. Think about possible accommodations and modifications that might be needed, such as using a digital
    recorder for notes, reading math word problems aloud, or if necessary reducing or enriching an
  7. Incorporate sensory elements—visual, auditory, and kinesthetic-tactile ones—across the
  8. Teach to strengths to help students compensate for weaknesses, such as encouraging a child to hop
    to math facts if the child loves to move about but hates numbers.
  9. Concentrate on individual children, not syndromes.
  10. Provide opportunities for success to build self-esteem.
  11. Give positives before negatives.
  12. Use modeling with both teachers and peers.
  13. Vary types of instruction and assessment with multiple intelligences, learning centers and stations,
    cooperative learning, project-based learning, and universal designs.
  14. Relate learning to children's lives using interest inventories.
  15. Remember the basics, such as teaching students proper hygiene, respecting others, effectively listening,
    reading directions on a worksheet, and the three Rs: Reading, 'Riting, and 'Rithmetic.
  16. Establish a pleasant classroom environment that encourages students to ask questions and become
    actively involved in their learning.
  17. Increase students' self-awareness of levels and progress.
  18. Effectively communicate and collaborate with families, students, and colleagues while smiling (It's

Inclusion Tools

Co-Teaching Resources


Connecting to Students

Inclusion Planners


Karten, T. (2015). Inclusion strategies that work! Research-based methods for the classroom (3rd Ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.
Karten, T. (2015).  Inclusion and CCSS Supports for Students & Staff, West Palm Beach, CA: Learning Sciences
Karten, T. (2013). Inclusion Coaching for Collaborative Schools Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press
Karten, T. (2010). Inclusion Strategies and Interventions.  Bloomington, IN: Solution Tree
Karten, T.  (2011). Inclusion Lesson Plan Book for the 21st Century, Naples, FL: National Professional Resources